Medical-Legal Assessments and Independent Medical Examinations

    These assessments provide an independent psychological opinion regarding psychological injuries and disability following motor vehicle accidents, other transportation incidents, industrial accidents, work-related incidents, sexual or physical assault, stalking and interpersonal harassment. The assessments provide opinions as to any psychological conditions and functional disability from which a person may suffer, the relationship of such conditions to the subject event (e.g., causal analysis), the prognoses for the conditions and treatment recommendations. It is my practice to ensure that I do assessments for both plaintiff and defense as a way of maintaining a truely "independent" and objective assessment practice. Please see the "Assessments" page for more details about the assessment process.


    Consultation to Lawyers Regarding Other Reports

    There is considerable variability in the quality of psychological and psychiatric expert evidence. I can assist lawyers in understanding issues with and vulnerabilities in the conclusions of psychological and psychiatric expert reports. The consultation can either take the form of verbal report, or more formal written critiques of an expert report.


    Assisting Lawyers in Developing a Cross-Examination Strategy

    Consultation regarding cross examination strategies based on written reports submitted by psychologists or psychiatrists. This includes assisting the lawyer in understanding the nature of the report conclusions, how they appear to have been reached and reliability and validity issues that could limit the basis of the expert opinion. This is generally done when there are specific concerns about the validity of conclusions in an expert report.


    Psychological Treatment

    Providing evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for a number pf psychological conditions and difficulties including: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), specific phobias and stress management. I was one of the first psychologists in Canda to be certified in cognitive-behavioral therapy by the Canadian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies (CACBT). For more information about psychological treatment services, please visit


    Therapy recommendations

    Providing standalone treatment recommendations for individuals experiencing psychological or emotional difficulties. This can either be requested from the client directly, or from a lawyer on behalf of a client. The treatment recommendations provide a detailed, evidence-based plan, outlining the nature of the recommended treatment, skills that the treatment should address and an estimated timeline or number of sessions.